Predictive and prognostic properties of TB-LAM among HIV-positive patients initiating ART in Johannesburg, South Africa

By Alexander d’Elia  Denise Evans  Lynne McNamara  Dr. Ribka Berhanu  Professor Ian Sanne  Elisabet Lönnermark  |  | 

Abstract

Detection of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell wall antigen lipoarabinomannan (LAM) in urine is a novel method for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in HIV-infected patients with advanced immunodeficiency. It is a lateral flow assay that can be used at the point of care and yields results in 30 minutes.  The TB-LAM UA assay works best in HIV-infected patients with advanced immunosuppression, a population in which diagnosis of TB is particularly difficult.  While the diagnostic properties of TB-LAM UA have been studied, little is known about the predictive and prognostic properties of TB-LAM UA at ART initiation. The test needs to be studied further to evaluate its possible applications and capacity.  A positive TB-LAM UA test could enable targeted interventions such as altered therapy, and in the case of immunosuppressed patients with “hidden” TB, predict TB-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS).  We describe the predictive and prognostic properties of TB-LAM in HIV-positive patients initiating ART at an urban hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa.

 

Conference: SA TB conference 2014, Durban, SA

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