All Posters

Exploring HIV Risk Factors, Risk Perception, and Risk-Taking among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Rural South Africa

Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) face a disproportionately high risk of HIV acquisition, with biological susceptibility, sexual risk behaviours, and structural factors contributing to this vulnerability. Despite these risks, AGYW often perceive themselves as being at low risk of HIV acquisition, which can hinder engagement with HIV prevention services. This study seeks to explore the complex landscape of HIV risk among AGYW in the high HIV-burden setting of uMkhanyakude district, rural 

Adapting research to conduct a Discreet Choice Experiment (DCE) in the context of COVID-19 in Johannesburg, South Africa

Why we did this study The COVID-19 pandemic had unprecedented effects on public health research globally. This affected conventional approaches for collecting primary data. We discuss experiences including ethical implications, challenges and opportunities presented whilst trying to conduct a survey and discreet choice experiment (DCE) under the COVID-19 lockdown 

Costs associated with Covid-19 hospitalization during the first wave at a tertiary-level hospital in Gauteng, South Africa

BACKGROUND The first wave of COVID-19 infection in South Africa began in March 2020, peaked in July of 2020 and ran until approximately the end of October 2020. Estimates of the cost of COVID-19 care during this period, which was characterized by increasing cases and hospital admissions, are critical for building both health-system resilience and improving responsiveness in future health crises. There is however a dearth of cost estimates for pandemic related hospitalisation in the 

Association of maternal age with utilization of antenatal care services and knowledge of child development in rural Limpopo, South Africa

Early pregnancy access to prenatal care is essential. Research has linked a lack of antenatal services to a risk of maternal mortality. Younger women typically share traits such as low socioeconomic position, lack of spousal support, work obligations, and unexpected pregnancies. In South Africa more than a third of births occur in young mothers aged <24 years. The influence of early maternal age and caregiving knowledge on pregnancy, birth, and early childhood outcomes is 

Impact of a Community Health Worker Home Visit Intervention on Child Development in South Africa: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

A strong body of evidence demonstrates that the negative impacts of early adversity on child development in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) can be mitigated through appropriate early-life interventions. Regular home visits by trained staff who support and counsel caregivers on a diversity of topics, including child health, nutrition, and play-based stimulation, have been shown to be particularly effective. However, important questions remain around how to effectively integrate 

Uptake of HIV care among pregnant women living with HIV before and after Option B+ policy implementation in South Africa

South Africa has the largest number of people living with HIV globally, with 4.7 million women ≥15 years old living with HIV as of 2018.1 The country is targeting but has not achieved elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission. The national estimate of early HIV transmission was 2.6% in 2012-2013.2 South Africa’s policy for providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to pregnant women living with HIV (WLWH) has changed over time, following the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 

Uptake of HIV care among pregnant women living with HIV before and after Option B+ policy implementation in South Africa

South Africa has the largest number of people living with HIV globally, with 4.7 million women ≥15 years old living with HIV as of 2018.1 The country is targeting but has not achieved elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission. The national estimate of early HIV transmission was 2.6% in 2012-2013.2 South Africa’s policy for providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to pregnant women living with HIV (WLWH) has changed over time, following the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 

COVID-19 hospitalization during the first-wave in South Africa: Clinical characteristics and outcomes at a tertiary hospital in Johannesburg

The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted vulnerabilities in the global health-system and its capacity to respond timeously to health-crisis South Africa was not an exception, with growing concerns over limited bed capacity in the hospitals to accommodate the rapidly rising case numbers at the start of the pandemic¹ To better prepare health-systems for future pandemics, cost projection models are required to inform budgets and efficient resource-allocation² A key aspect of cost 

Ideal Clinic Realisation and Maintenance program in South Africa.

To address the historical inequalities in the quality of primary health care services and to lay a strong foundation for the implementation of the National Health Insurance (NHI), the Ideal Clinic Realisation and Maintenance  (ICRM) programme was established in 2015. The ICRM program implementation will hopefully improve the South African health system's performance in managing priority infectious diseases (e.g HIV, TB) and non-communicable diseases (e.g diabetes, hypertension). This health 

Combating TB in South Africa

South Africa is experiencing a dual TB/HIV epidemic. Approximately 360 000 South African had TB in 2019. TB is the leading cause of death among people living with HIV. Of the 58 000 people who died from TB in South Africa, 36 000 were diagnosed with HIV. With the launch of the 2017-2022 National Strategic PLan (NSP), the South African government aims to eliminate TB by 2030. As an organisation working at the intersection of health economics and epidemiology, HE²RO aims to work towards